Russ Volckmann Abstract The terms integral, leadership and diversity are explored with the purpose of showing how it is useful to consider them in relation to each other. Such knowledge sharing personality traits and diversity a literature review is significantly impacted by how we understand these and other terms that will be introduced.
It is essential for us to appreciate how our approaches to meaning and sense making influence how we make choices about what is relevant, how we engage with these choices to implement efforts toward learning, development and change. Our concepts of leadership play essential roles in our achievements and our failures. Greater clarity can be achieved by reserving such concepts to communicate with less ambiguity and by using specific occurrences to generate context specific definitions.
Such an effort is greatly enhanced by attending to the perspectives offered by mapping and theory built on the work of Ken Wilber and others. Introduction The key terms in the title of this article suffer from ambiguity in thesis statement powerpoint definitions.
Each carries the baggage of many definitions that are only partially shared, but they act as mental maps, sources of association for each of us.
The relevance of this observation for comprehending the relationship knowledge sharing personality traits and diversity a literature review leadership wisbtmcom.000webhostapp.com differences is increasingly pronounced as globalization and growing ecological crises demand ever greater complexity in the human resources we bring together to address these challenges.
In this article I offer an approach to considering the relationship between leadership and its aspects, on the one hand, with the phenomena of diversity and differences in engaging change and sustainability, on the other hand.
Bibliography of Research on Social Network Sites. Aaltonen, S,, Kakderi, C,, Hausmann, V, and Heinze, A. (). Social media .
Furthermore, I emphasize the importance of our choices in the use of terms that can be leveraged for both their knowledge sharing personality traits and diversity a literature review and contextual clarity. The term integral is applied in at least two ways in the literature that has emerged in recent years. Following the work university of birmingham dissertation guide Jean Gebserit is used in reference to a postconventional level of spiritual awareness or consciousness development Wilber Secondly, it has come to be known as a type of theory or metatheory Edwards There are other models and conventions for labeling stages or levels of development as used by Wilber or in adult developmental psychology Beck and Cowan, ; Kegan, ; Cook-Greuter, ; Torbert et al, In this article integral refers to theory or metatheory.
I will use other terms for stages of development, while acknowledging the valuable role of stage theories of adult development in sense and meaning making and construction of mental maps.
It is well known in leadership studies that several hundreds of definitions have been offered for the term leadership and that none has been selected as a basis for building a field of study Bennis and Nanus This has been explored by Rost and more recently by Riggio Harvey and Riggio and Kellerman In the most recent of these works, Kellerman xxi estimates fourteen hundred definitions of leadership and forty-four theories of leadership.
This certainly calls for an approach that can create some order out of the chaos while enhancing our ability to appreciate leadership occurrences in varying contexts and the qualities and knowledge sharing personality traits and diversity a literature review of diversity and differences. In order to do this I suggest an approach that holds distinctions to be primary and definitions to be derivative. Within distinctions we have the guides for definition.
The term diversity points to differences along the dimensions of race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, socio-economic status, age, physical abilities, religious beliefs, political beliefs, or other ideologies, and more.
Note this description of diversity in one type of context, education: A class with significant academic diversity is characterized by students achieving in the average, above-average, and below-average knowledge sharing personality traits and diversity a literature review of academic performance as measured by teacher, school district, or state academic standards.
This diversity in performance may be attributed to the interaction between individual differences among teacher and students in, but not limited to, learning needs, emotional needs, culture, gender, life experiences, life situations, age, sexual orientation, physical abilities, cognitive abilities, behavior, skills, strategies, language proficiency, beliefs, goals, personal characteristics, and values Lenz, Deshler and exploitable-currenc.000webhostapp.comp.
When it comes to diversity it seems reasonable to include both differences among individuals, as knowledge sharing personality traits and diversity a literature review as among and within groups or systems. Applying it to both is essential to an integral approach. This can refer to virtually any kind of difference. Davidson the author and his collaborators argue that the focus on diversity in business and organizations has been too narrow.
It has meant managing diversity. In the first place achieving diversity has been sought to meet the requirements of laws, regulations and even social values.
It has meant hiring people of different races, paper writing glass ceilings, even reflecting the racial, and ethnic characteristics of the community or society.
Consequently, promoting diversity within organizations has been a knowledge sharing personality traits and diversity a literature review, a challenge to be met in the name of values define academic writing equity and social justice, as well as an economic necessity. Davidson goes on to argue that this approach does have the potential to bring people of different perspectives and identities to work effectively together.
But it is not knowledge sharing personality traits and diversity a literature review. Rather, it is important for the knowledge sharing personality traits and diversity a literature review of a company to gain clarity about what are the elements of diversity required to foster productivity, innovation and an expanding market place for goods and services.
Then they must leverage these. He is clear, however, that this does not mean backing away from commitments to human and social values. He shifts from focusing on diversity to focusing on differences in the creation of organizational cultures in which values of respect, equity and social justice are emphasized. Ruth Benedict found, Societies where non-aggression is conspicuous have social orders in which the individual by and at the same time serves his own advantage and that of the group.
Non-aggression occurs in these societies not because people are unselfish and put social obligations above personal desires, but when social arrangements make these two identical Effectively working with differences even goes beyond this.
According to Davidson, Organizations that truly leverage differences cultivate the capability to engage with and learn from diverse stakeholders, including employees, customers, partners, and communities. They use what they learn to explore how they can do the work of their organization more effectively. They are able to apply lessons of difference to domains as wide-ranging as customer engagement, operational procedures, and alliances with community resources In an integral approach we bring attention to variables that go beyond the traditional ways of dealing with diversity into a more inclusive mental map of the dynamics of working with differences in human systems.
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An integral approach enhances attention to the variables in this complexity. Maslow noted, Human beings have an innate tendency to move toward higher levels of health, creativity, and self-fulfillment. Neurosis may be regarded as a blockage of the tendency toward self-actualization. The evolution of a synergistic society is a natural and essential process. Business efficiency and personal growth can go well along together. In fact, the self-actualization process leads an individual to high levels of efficiency xxxv.
It concerns how those who are knowledge sharing personality traits and diversity a literature review attract and integrate differences for the purposes they seek. Of course, the answer to this exploration will be: How it relates to and depends on integral variables can be explored in any ideographical knowledge sharing personality traits and diversity a literature review.
The dynamics of differences among individuals can be addressed at the levels of individual psychology, social psychology, group dynamics, cultures and systems; although in social group culture and systemic dimensions it reaches a level of complexity befitting a more collective, dialogical view Linell Such a view would look at influences in sense and meaning making as a two- way street on which there are complex dynamics.
Engaging differences describes, in part, activities that we associate with terms such as knowledge sharing personality traits and diversity a literature review and leadership. Already I have used several terms that suggest there are nuances to their meaning, as well as to their knowledge sharing personality traits and diversity a literature review, in social systems. Diversity and differences, leader and leadership—does each pair of terms refer to the same things or some things quite different?
Our answers to that question will lead us to potentially quite varied ideas proofreading editing services what the terms mean and how we will recognize their manifestation in a variety of contexts.
Such contexts might include our own personal reflections, our interpersonal relationships at work and at play, our involvement in group and organizational activities, as well as our relationships to large social, economic and political systems.
It is no wonder that, without this understanding, there can be definitions of leadership. A fundamental point of this paper is that definitions of terms must be contextual.
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Having distinctions such as those I Paul caspi dissertation award propose here provides us the lens through which we can examine an occurrence in which individuals lead, systems perform and change occurs while differences are engaged and leveraged. Leadership Leadership, as a field of knowledge sharing personality traits and diversity a literature review that is both academic and popular, is filled with differences in models and theory, on the one hand, and advice for development and practice, on the other.
Kouzes and Posner offered five key practices to be effective as leaders, including elements that are echoed in many writing since. For example, inspiring a shared vision, which challenges us to look at the relationship between leadership and diversity. It suggests, as have many others, that leading is about forging some sort of agreement, some sort of solidarity, building upon something that is shared, presumably in a context where such sharing is challenged by the existence of differences.
Inspiring a diverse group of individuals makes the knowledge sharing personality traits and diversity a literature review of inspiration less certain and more fragmented in the cultural fabric of the group. It is a full circle of relationships we find when trying to sort through the connections among aspects of diversity and of leadership.
And yet, how clear is this discussion in the literature to this point? As is common in publications about leadership in particular, we bring a collection of concepts to bear even when we are not clear to what we are referring. He then suggested an alternative. More recent definitions have not gone far beyond this. One utility of definitions such as this is that it makes very clear that leadership is about individuals, relationships and context complex systems.
It also suggests that success or failure is the product of the various relationships among these variables knowledge sharing personality traits and diversity a literature review time.
Thus, this approach adds to that offered by Rost. We can pick at this definitional approach a bit: From the highly respected Center for Creative Leadership we find a recent book on boundary spanning leadership Ernst and Chrobot-Mason,p.
That, of course, leaves out context, at least at the level of definition, albeit this work is specifically about leading at the interface of contextual boundaries. His may be the first academic effort toward an integrated theory of leadership. While he did his work without apparent awareness of integral theory even in its rudimentary forms existing at the time of his writinghe understood an analysis and approach that attended to individual and collective, and the diverse sets of relationships possible among them.
He understood the importance of context for any attempt at definition. Here I take this a step further and suggest that every definition of leadership is by its nature contextual and is true, but partial. Each has something of value to offer in the knowledge sharing personality traits and diversity a literature review, development and study of leadership.
Rather than focusing on a definition, then, we might consider how we distinguish among terms in order pizzaatk.000webhostapp.com knowledge sharing personality traits and diversity a literature review contextual definitions.
Distinctions are our way of differentiating meaning in different and changing contexts. Leadership, however we construe the term, is going to appear and be different in a tribal setting, a kingdom, a church, a business or a community. Even within such broad categories, there will be differences in the expectations and practices of individuals in those human systems.
The following knowledge sharing personality traits and diversity a literature review may help ground this discussion of cultures in business. In the contemporary business environment leadership will not be the same among innovation teams or among corporate executive management committees. He approaches leading hot marketing thesis company with a firm belief in building a culture of stakeholder support both within his company and in relation to their clients.
He recounted an example of how holding such a culture in the contemporary business environment can be How to use a reference in an essay conflict with the values and cultures of client companies.
His agency was in a competition to secure the business of a division of a large Fortune company.